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How to Create WordPress Categories, Posts and Pages?

It’s now time to do some real website making. You’ve done the installation and choose proper settings for your website. So now let’s get into some real action.

What First?

In most of the guide/tutorial that you will come across will suggest setting up a theme first. But I recommend putting up some content and then do the designing work. Once you have some content, you can check how different themes look with your content. All themes have different capabilities and layout. You can choose an appropriate theme that suits your content needs by testing them one by one.

Post and Page

Your website content can be classified into – Post and Page. There is not much difference between the two apart from the way they are presented.

A wordpress “Post” is similar to an article. Post has been specifically designed for blogging. All post, belong to a predefined category.

On the other hand a “Page” is like a static page containing some information. Pages like About Us, Contact Us, Our Vision, etc comes under this.

The major difference between a post and page is that a post belongs to a category whereas a page does not.

Making Categories for Posts

Before we can learn to make a Post it is necessary that we make few categories that we can assign to post.

To make a new category:

  • Click on Posts —-> Categories.

locate_category

  • On the left you will find a block with the heading “Add A New Category”

add_category

  • Enter the name of the category in the “Name” field
  • If you want this category to be shown with another name in the URL bar then enter the other name in the “slug” field.
  • If this category is a subcategory then choose appropriate parent category under the “Parent” option.
  • You may enter a description if needed in the “Description” box.
  • Click on “Add New Category” button to add the new category.

If you want to edit an already existing category then hover your mouse over that category and click on “edit” from the options that show up.

Writing a New Post

After having made categories, it’s time to create our first post. To create a new post, follow the steps below:

  • Go to Posts —-> Add New.
  • The next page will appear like the one shown below.

post

  • After you have
    • Written the content
    • Selected the category for the post
    • Set the featured image
    • Choose other relevant settings

Click on “Publish”.

post_2Creating a New Page

Creating a new page is almost similar to writing a post. To create a new page, follow the steps :

  • Go to Pages —–> Add New.
  • The next page that appears is quite similar to the page that appears for a New Post. The only difference is the “Page Attributes” section on the right.

page_attributes

  • After everything for the page is ready, click on “Publish”.

We hope you like our WordPress training article, and look out for our next WordPress training article very soon!

Accessing the WordPress Backend

After successful WordPress installation it’s time to know your WordPress Backend and move a step ahead.

WordPress backend is the power house of your website. It is the admin panel where you are going to manage everything for your website – design, content, media, settings, etc. Only admin and the users assigned by the admin have the access to the wordpress backend.

Accessing the WordPress Backend

To access the backend panel you need to login. To login –

  • Type your WordPress backend URL in the browser to view the login page. If you do not remember your backend URL then check your admin email. You should have got an email upon successful wordpress installation containing all installation details including the backend URL.

The backend URL should be like yourdomain.com/wp-admin. You can also use yourdomain.com/wp-login.php as an alternate.

In my case the URL is – wordpresstraining.com.sg/wp-admin/.

  • On the login page enter your admin username and password that you chose while wordpress installation.

If you’ve forgot your password then you may click on ‘Lost your password?’. It will link to another website to retrieve your new password on your admin email account. (See the screenshot below)

lost_password-21

WordPress Dashboard

Upon log in, the page that appears is called the “WordPress Dashboard”. The dashboard, as the name suggests, gives a quick overview of your wordpress website and its tools. (See the screenshot below for more information)

dashboard-21

Navigation Menu

The vertical menu on the left is called the navigation menu. It contains all the options for your website like designing, content (pages and post), general settings, plugin settings, media, etc. (See the screenshot below for more details)

navimenu

Top Bar

Top bar contains links to frequently used options like

  • View Site option
  • Adding content and media option under the “New” tab
  • The admin profile options on the right.

“Screen Options” Button

This option is available on all backend panel pages. This option helps in viewing or hiding (toggling between the two option) any block on any backend panel page.

For example on the dashboard page you have a block with the title ‘Welcome to WordPress!’. If you want to hide this block, click on ‘Screen Option’ on the top and deselect appropriate option. (See the screenshot below for more details). You can again view the block by selecting the appropriate option.

screen_option-21

This option allows you to view only that information that you consider is important.

help_button-21

Help Button

The Help Button is available on all backend pages just besides the ‘Screen Option’ button. It will show up all the necessary details about the backend page you are viewing. It gives details about the setting options on the page your are currently viewing. (See the screenshot below for more details).

 

How to Choose a WordPress Theme?

This article is all about Theming and Designing your wordpress website. This is the area where a WordPress Website owner should work hard and put dedicated efforts on. The success of your website is highly dependent on your website design and interface.

Many people work hard on content creating and do not realize that people will want to read your wonderful content only if your website is user friendly and is eye catching.

In this article you will be guided on how to choose a theme and what should you keep in mind while customizing the theme.

How to Choose a Theme?

Choosing a theme for your website is the most crucial and also time taking and difficult task. There are thousands of themes available with really nice designs and eye catching colors.

But how to find a theme appropriate for your needs? Here are few points you must consider:

  • Choose a theme that is “responsive” (i.e. mobile and tablet compatible too). People should have easy interface while browser on smaller screens too. Statistically, more people browse through mobiles and tablets than on computers.

responsive (2)

  • The pre-dominant color of your theme should be something that reflects what your website is about. Eg: if your website is about chocolate then choose colors like brown or its shades.
  • Most of the themes have a demo page where you can actually see the theme live with sample content. Always view the demo page to see it that is something you are looking for.
  • Every theme has different abilities and features. Some themes provide an inbuilt slider, shortcodes, contact form, testimonial, etc. As far as possible choose a theme that has the ability you need. You can add a plugin if the theme does not have a particular feature but it might happen that the plugin is not compatible with the theme. So it is advisable to choose a theme having the features you need.
  • Look what customization options does the theme provide. You should have the ability to change the color, font-style, font-size, etc of your website with easy to use interface. Many themes have very few customization options and so if you do not know CSS and HTML you would be left with no option but to change the theme, compromise with the design or hire a developer.
  • Look for some reviews on the internet about the theme you choose. Check if the theme has bugs or any other issue which people are complaining about.

Free Vs Premium Theme

There are thousands of premium as well as free wordpress themes available. And it’s quite confusing which to choose. The answer depends on your needs.

If you are new to WordPress and just trying to make your first wordpress website then you may go for free themes. Just google the category of theme you are looking for and you’ll find hundreds of options. Just make sure to read the reviews of the theme and also see the demo if available.

If you are serious about your website and are looking forward to have good traffic, I would suggest you to go for a premium theme. Premium theme costs around $15 to $50. But they are worth paying. Here are few advantages of having a premium theme:

  • Less bugs – When a theme author sells his theme, he works hard on developing the theme and makes sure that he leaves no margin for error and his customers are satisfied. Whereas if you use a free theme there is possibility that it would have some issues in itself or would conflict with some plugins you use because of poorly written codes.
  • Premium Design: Premium and free themes have a clear distinction in their looks and design. Authors selling premium themes have good knowledge of web design, typography and color combination.

example1 (2)

  • Support: All premium theme authors give 100% support to their customers. This is also an important factor to be considered.
  • Knowledge Base: Almost all premium theme sellers provide a Knowledge Base containing guide to setup, use the theme and details about its features. This helps in using the theme to its full potential.
  • Customization option: Premium themes provide more customization options. The customization interface is also more user friendly as compared to free themes.

How to Manage WordPress Settings?

Manage WordPress Settings

Before we can start designing our website and adding content, it’s important that we choose proper settings for the website.

Settings Panel

The settings panel can be found on the navigation bar on the left (see the screenshot to locate). It has sub options – General, Writing, Reading and few more. Let’s have a look at the options provided under each tab and their functions.

settings_tab

General Settings

  • Title and Tagline: Write your website “title” and “tagline” in the respective field. This will show up in the header of your website. If your theme does not support the data entered here then you will have to write the site title and tagline in the Theme Settings. The default WordPress theme do support the data written here.
  • WordPress Address: It is the URL where your wordpress is installed. For example my wordpress is installed in the main directory. So for me it is – ‘https://wordpresstraining.com.sg.’
  • Site Address: It is the URL to your home. If you want your site homepage to be different from the directory you installed WordPress then mention the page URL here. But it’s recommended to leave this field with its default URL.
  • E-Mail Address: It is the email id where all the admin notifications will be sent like new user registration, new comment, etc.
  • Membership: By selecting this option you can allow people to register on your website. Select this option only if your website really needs people to register.
  • New User Default Role: This option chooses the default role to be assigned to the person registering on your website. It’s recommended to keep it as “Subscriber”. You can change a user’s role later by going to “Users” on the navigation panel.
  • Choose these settings as per your need:
  1. Time Zone
  2. Date Format
  3. Time Format
  4. Week Starts On

Writing Settings:

  • Formatting: Choose the settings as needed.
  • Default Post Category: This is the category to which the article will belong by default.
  • Default Post Format: By default your post will be of the format you choose here.
  • Press This: This is a very nice feature of WordPress to clip text, images and videos from any webpage. Just drag and drop the “Press This” button to your browser bookmark area. Then go to any webpage, select the content and then click on “Press This” from your browser’s bookmarks. A new panel with wordpress post editor will open up with the content you selected.

setting_press_this

Setting up the “Press This” button

using_press_this

Using the “Press This” Button

  • Post via e-mail: You may setup post via-email to post to your wordpress website through email.

Reading Settings:

  • Front Page Display: Here you can choose what to display on your home page. This setting may be over written by the theme settings depending upon the theme you use.
  • You may choose the other settings as per your needs

Discussion Settings:

Here you will manage settings about the comments on your website.

  • Most of the settings are self explanatory. You may choose the settings as per your needs.
  • It is recommended that you select “to manually approve comments” under the ‘before a comment appears’ tab to help in not allowing spam comments to be posted which is a very frequent case.

moderate_comment

  • You may use “Comment Blacklist” to mark the comment as spam if it contains the words, URL, email or IP you mention in this box.
  • You may choose the avatar settings as per your needs.

Media Settings

  • Choose the image sizes under different tabs as per your needs. You may leave it as defaults too.
  • Uploading Files: Choose whether you want to structure you data in month and year based folder. It’s recommended to check this for easy management of your media unless you are using some plugin for media management.

Permalinks Settings

This is a very important settings and it decides the URL for your articles and other pages. By default the URL for articles contains question mark and lots of numbers. This affects your website SEO and decreases readability. It is recommended you change the default permalink.

You may also make a custom permalink by using custom tags provided here.

premalinks

Limit Login Attempts

If you had checked “Limit Login Attempts” option during the installation then you will see this option on the left menu bar.

You may choose the settings as per your needs. The default settings are good enough for your website security, but you may change if you wish.

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How to install WordPress for my website?

After having a brief overview of what wordpress is and its capabilities, it’s time to install wordpress on your web server and play around with tools to learn more.

The below guide assumes that you have webhosting account and a domain name attached to it. If you do not have then, you need to buy them first.

WordPress can also be installed on your local computer using special software like XAMPP. But here you will learn to install it on your web server. You may Google if you want to install it on your computer.

Now a days almost all webhosting providers give a Quick Install feature for WordPress and many other popular platforms. We will first see how to setup wordpress using Quick Install and then by the other way.

If you have any issues regarding WordPress Installation then contact your webhost provider to guide you through the installation.

Quick – Install WordPress Method

The exact procedure for “Ouick Install” WordPress depends on the webhosting you use. But it would be by and large the same. I use Webhosting provided by Vodien”, so all my screenshots will be accordingly.

1. To get started, log in to your webhosting cPanel (Control Panel).

2. Look something that says ‘Quick Install’, ‘Popular Apps’, ‘Scripts”’or something similar on your cPanel homepage. Different webhosting provider would have different options.

In my Webhosting I have a option “Softaculous”, which is a software that allows easy WordPress Installation. If you have Hostgator Webhosting then you will have ‘Quick Install’ option under the Software/Service tab. For GoDaddy Webhosting you will see “Wordpress”, under the Popular Apps tab.Softaculous-2

3. Look for “Wordpress” on the page that appears next and click on it.

softaculous_wp-2
4. Enter the details that are asked for on the next page.

  • Database : You may be asked for “Database Name”. You may choose any name of your choice. In my webhosting the field is prefilled and can be changed too. (See the screenshot below)
  • Make the “Directory” field blank if you want install wordpress in the main directory (you website will be accessed at www.yourdomain.com). If you want installation in some sub directory, then write the name of sub directory (your website will be accessed at ‘www.yourdomain.com/directory-name).’
  • Enter the site details – ‘Site Name’ and ‘Site Description’. Click on an option to ‘Enable Multisite’. If you do not know what it is then leave it “unchecked”. (See the screenshot below)
  • Enter the Admin Account details. You need to choose the username, password and email for your WordPress admin account. Using these login credentials you will be able to login to your wordpress backend. You must remember these login credentials. (See the screenshot below)
  • Check “Limit Login Attempts” to allow only 3 login attempts. This will avoid span and unauthorized logins on your website.
  • Check “Auto Upgrade” to upgrade to latest version of WordPress whenever available.
  • Select “Automated Backup” option of your choice from the drop down menu. “Once a Day” is recommended. Taking backup of your website is highly essential.

installation_process-2-2

5. Then Click on “install” to complete the process.

6. After successful installation, check your email to see your WordPress Website details like database information, website backend and frontend URL and other details.

7. Type your WordPress Backend URL in your browser. It should be similar to this – www.mywebsite.com/wp-admin. You may check your admin email id for the backend URL.

8. Enter you login credentials on the login page and you’ll see your wordpress backend.

wp_login_page-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alternate Method for installing WordPress

If your webhosting does not have One-Click install for wordpress then you may manually install it.

1. Login to your webhosting account.

2. Under the “Database” Tab, click on “MySQL Database”.

MySQL_database-2
3. On the next page under the “Create a New Database” enter the database name of your choice.

4. Then under the “Add New User” tab create a new user. Note down the username and password.

5. Then under the “Add User To Database” tab you need to assign the user to the database you just created. Select the database and the user from their respective drop down list.

database-1-2

6. Now go to http://wordpress.org/download/ and download wordpress application zip file.

7. Now go to the File Manager of your webhosting. Upload the wordpress zip file in appropriate folder.

file_manager-2

8. Now type your website/directory URL in the browser. The installation setup will show up.

9. Follow the installation step by step as prompted. Enter the details of the database you have created in step 3 and 4.

10. Enter your WordPress site details like Site Title, Site Description, etc when asked for.

11. Enter the Admin Account details when asked for. Remember this login details since you need them to login to wordpress backend.

12. Upon successful installation check your email you choose for admin account in the step 11. Find the backend URL from the email and click on it. It should be similar to www.mywebsite.com/wp-admin. Enter your login details on the page that appears.

13. There you are viewing your wordpress backend panel.

Note: It you have any issues regarding WordPress Installation then contact your WebHost provider to guide you through the installation.

If you are keen in joining the WordPress workshop, you can take a look at: https://wordpresstraining.com.sg/

What is WordPress?

Technically speaking, wordpress is a free Content Management System (CMS). It is a system that helps you create, edit and publish content on the web. The content can be text, images, videos, forms or anything else.

If you’ve freaked out with this definition of WordPress – don’t worry. Even I did!!! You can consider wordpress as a tool used to make websites and blogs. That’s what most people understand wordpress as.

It’s a simple yet complex tool used to manage almost any kind of website. It has got easy-to-use interface to create, edit and publish your content. It’s just a Microsoft Word like application with click-and-use intuitive interface.

WordPress started as a tool to make blogging websites but today with the kind of development (still ongoing) it has undergone you can create almost any kind of website. You can see the wordpress showcase here.

Who uses WordPress?

WordPress is for anyone who wants to make an online presence. May you want a website for blogging, selling products, business, portfolio or anything else – wordpress is right for you. Today there are over 73 million website made on wordpress. Also top 60% of top 1 million websites are made on wordpress platform. The numbers should suggest you how popular and widely the platform is used. You can see more wordpress stats here.

Wordpress-showcase-1-300x226 Wordpress-showcase-300x225WordPress Showcase

Why Use WordPress?

  • Its Free: It is open source and completely free to use. You have access to all its code and if you have coding knowledge you may tweak few bits of code to customize it to suit your needs.
  • Easy To Use: As I have previously mentioned it has a intuitive and easy-to-use interface. It is almost as easy to use as Microsoft Word or any other similar software.
  • Flexible: As it a open source it is highly flexible. There is a very active community of wordpress who develop plugins that adds extra functionality to your website. Like there are apps for mobile, there are plugins for wordpress. There are both paid and free plugins available. You may browse wordpress plugins here.

Wordpress-Plugins-on-the-website

WordPress Plugins on the website

  • Constantly Updated: WordPress and plugins developers are very actively developing stuffs to meet the current days needs. Almost every year there is a new version of WordPress available with latest being WordPress 3.8.
  • No Coding Knowledge required: To design a wordpress website you need no knowledge of HTML, PHP or anything else. Although having coding knowledge is a advantage.

Difference between WordPress Website and Other Website?

The major difference between the wordpress website and the other website is the ease of use and the flexibility. Most of the non-wordpress websites are made either by writing HTML codes or using Website Builder tools. Writing HTML codes is a donkey work. That doesn’t make sense these days. Website Builder is quicker and easy but has very less flexibility compared to WordPress tools. Website builder provides easy drag and drop feature to make your website. But designing options available are quite limited compared to wordpress.

In WordPress you have a backend and the frontend panel. Frontend panel is your actual website where people view the content. Backend is where you have all the setting options. You just select from variety of options to design your website. You write your content in a MS Word like visual editor and choose where to place it on your website. The system itself places the content where you asked it to. You just click around the backend panel and get your website ready.

Wordpress-Backend-1024x551

WordPress 3.8 Backend Panel

What you need to get started?

To get started you only need a Domain name and Web Hosting account. That’s it. Also if you do not have a domain name and webhosting you can still start learning and designing wordpress by installing it on your computer. But it doesn’t get installed directly like other software. There are few other software you need and a few steps to be followed.

Difference between WordPress.com and WordPress.org

WordPress.com is a service that hosts wordpress blogs. It’s free service to start with. You get a domain as www.yourwebsite.wordpress.com. It also has paid version with extra features like you can have your own domain, remove ads, etc. But there are lots of limitations in the free as well as paid version. You have limited theme options. You cannot add any plugins or themes which is the biggest drawback. Without plugins and good theme your site cannot look great and have good user interface.

WordPress.org is a community of people working on open source, trying to develop and expand WordPress application. This application is available free and needs to be hosted on your own servers. Once you install this open source on your server you have all the freedom to customize your website. You can upload any theme, add any plugins and customize your website any way you want. This is the biggest drawback on the hosted version of WordPress.com.

You may want to refer to our website.

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